Life Story Of Gautam Buddha
Period: Born: 563 BCE or 480 BCE, Death: 483 BCE or c. 400 BCE (aged 80)
There was a time for believers of Vedic religion when wicked people, to fulfill their bad wishes had started taking wrong meaning of Vedas and this way started telling people that sacrifice of human beings, animals, consuming alcohol and lustful desires are a part of Vedic religion.
This way when people were troubled with the deterioration of Vedic religion and wrong meaning of it, to reestablish Vedic religion, Lord Vishnu reincarnated on this earth. This incarnation of Lord Vishnu was Gautam Buddha who is also known in the names of Bhagwan Buddha, Tathagat, Bodisatva, Siddhartha and Shakyamuni.
Bhagwan Buddha was born in 563 BC at Lumbini (Kapilvastu), which is at present day in Nepal. His father Maharaj Suddhodhan was the King of Kapilvastu. His mother's name was Maharani Mayavati.
His parents had named him Siddhartha and his family name was Gautam. Further, he became famous in the name of Gautam Buddha. The meaning of Buddha is one who got knowledge or the one who got the divine light.
''When people were troubled with the deterioration of Vedic religion and wrong meaning of it, to reestablish Vedic religion, Lord Vishnu reincarnated on this earth. This incarnation of Lord Vishnu was Gautam Buddha who is also known in the names of Bhagwan Buddh, Tathagat, Bodisatva, Siddharth and Shakyamuni.''
Since childhood, Prince Siddharth was full of mercy. In spite of royal upbringing and education he was of ascetic nature and used to get upset with every small incident that happened around him wherein there was even a little pain.
He was merciful towards every living thing. He used to be in pain on seeing a horse perspiring in a race and would immediately stop the race. While hunting, he would keep back the arrow in quiver thinking that what wrong has an animal done for him to take away his life.
Once, Prince Siddharth was playing in his garden with his cousin brother. Just then his cousin shot an arrow at a flying swan and the injured Swan fell down on ground. Seeing this condition of Swan, tears rolled down off Siddhartha's eyes. He took the Swan in his hands, treated him and saved his life.When Prince Siddhartha grew up, King Suddhodhan got him married to Princess Yashodhara. A baby boy was born to Yashodhara whom they named Rahul.
''Since childhood, Prince Siddharth was full of mercy. In spite of royal upbringing and education he was of ascetic nature and used to get upset with every small incident that happened around him wherein there was even a little pain.''
In spite of living a householder's life and being royalty, Siddhartha's asceticism did not lessen. It was predicted by the family astrologer that he would either become a great King or then a Great saint. Hence his father tried his best to tie him up in terrestrial life and he was not allowed to go beyond the walls of the palace.
Once Siddhartha secretly slipped out in a horse drawn carriage and saw four things old, sick, dead and saintly people. All these four scenes kept coming in front of Prince Siddharth and a feeling of complete asceticism developed in his mind.
He understood that this world is destructible, fake and everything here is temporary. Affection for this world was futile. With this mindset, the Prince once left the palace one night in search of knowledge. Just as he reached little far, his heart felt for his son and he returned to palace, saw his son, kissed him and shedding all affection, once again set out to gain knowledge.
After leaving his house, Gautam learnt from Brahmins, all the four Vedas and six Shastras.
Then he started strong penance. In the end he attained Truth. With this, he got immense peace, which he named Nirvan. That time, Buddh was 35 years old. The peepal tree, under which Shri Buddh attained Truth, is known as Bodhi- vriksh which means the tree of knowledge.
''After leaving his house, Gautam learnt from Brahmins, all the four Vedas and six Shastras. Then he started strong penance. In the end he attained Truth.''
After attaining Truth, Gautam Buddh started spreading his knowledge everywhere. Within his disciples, he promoted four Arya Satyas and also preached Arya Ashtanmarg following which was inevitable for all his followers. The four ''Arya Satya'' (noble truths) and ''Arya Ashtanmarg''(eight fold path) are as follows:
1) The world is full of sorrows.
2) The cause of sorrow is desire.
3) If desires are conquered all sorrows can be removed.
4) The only way this can be done is by following right-fold path.
The steps of eight fold Path are:
1) Right conception
2) Right thought
3) Right Speech
4) Right Action
5) Right Livelihood
6) Right Efforts
7) Right Mindfulness
8) Right concentration
Just as Buddh's theory became popular, it took a form of Boddh religion. The base of all the preaching of Buddha on truth, non-violence and love was Vedas.
That time, he opposed Vedas because at that time, the demonic natured Brahmins were harassing people by teaching the wrong meaning of Vedas but whatever theory Buddh established was actually the real meaning of Vedas.
In true sense he put forward the original meaning of Vedas in the form of his thoughts established a true and pious religion. All of his principles were based on Vedic principles.
Since people were sad, as the original principles of Vedas had vanished, they felt blessed with the Boddh religion. This was the reason, people in huge numbers became the followers of Buddh and Boddh religion started becoming popular in the ancient world.
''After attaining Truth, Gautam Buddha started spreading his knowledge everywhere. Within his disciples, he promoted four Arya Satyas and also preached Arya Ashtanmarg following which was inevitable for all his followers.''
At the age of eighty, at a place named Kushinagar, Shri Gautam Buddh left for heavenly abode. After his death, the local people took out a grand procession and ceremoniously completed funeral rites.
Wherever his followers resided, everyone asked for the ashes of his body to keep him alive in their memories. As a result, the ash of his body was divided in eight parts and at various places in the country, his monuments were built.
''At the age of eighty, at a place named Kushinagar, Shri Gautam Buddh left for heavenly abode.''
Buddhism is a more simplistic religion that Hinduism, which can be intimidating and confusing to many. Like many preachers and teachers, he never intended to start a religion but eventually the rigidity and fantatic qualities of a religion take over when the followers start to evangalise others ina bid for political and mental supremacy.
Buddhism would have represented a threat to Hinduism because its immense popularity and royal patronage hence Hinduism would have incorporated it within its fold by declaring Buddha another incarnation of Vishnu.
That killed Buddhism in India and the preaching monks went all over the world spreading
it like wild fire.
Buddhism is more popular outside India, but lately there is a huge interest in Buddhist meditation techniques amongst the younger generations of India. In Buddhism there is no god with form.
We have the Buddha inside us. Eventually the essence of Hinduism is also the same. Buddhism is India's gift to world and has benefited millions of races and multitudes of people the world over.